Skip to main content

Grade 8 Humanities - Global Awareness and Action: MLA for Middle School

Citing Sources

Imagine you are researching about Guide dogs. Your teacher wants you to list the websites and books you've used. So, you print out a page that lists all the websites. It looks like this:

Works Cited

http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar162640&st=dogs#tab=homepage

http://www.igdf.org.uk/about-us/facts-and-figures/history-of-guide-dogs/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guide_dog

This list of URLs is INCORRECT! Why? You have to provide information about the author, title, and date of the sites you've used BECAUSE your reader needs to be able to find the source.You can't put only the web address of the site you used because web addresses change all the time. You have to provide more reliable information.

It should look like this:

Works Cited

“Guide Dog.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guide_dog.

“Guide Dog.” World Book Student, World Book, 2017, www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar162640&st=dogs#tab=homepage.

“History of Guide Dogs.” International Guide Dog Federation, International Guide Dog Federation, www.igdf.org.uk/about-us/facts-and-figures/history-of-guide-dogs/.

Quick Reference

 

 

Basic Format

Basic Format for Citations:

Book:

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.

Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. Penguin, 1987.
Intext citation: (Gleick) or (Gleick 15)

Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring. Allyn and Bacon, 2000.
Intext citation: (Gillespie) or (Gillespie 29)

Image:

Adams, Clifton R. “People relax beside a swimming pool at a country estate near Phoenix, Arizona, 1928.” Found, National Geographic Creative, 2 June 2016, natgeofound.tumblr.com/.

Website:

"Athlete's Foot - Topic Overview." WebMD, 25 Sept. 2014, www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/tc/athletes-foot-topicoverview.
Intext citation: ("Athlete's Foot")

Lundman, Susan. "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow, www.ehow.com/how_10727_make-vegetarian-chili.html. Accessed 6 July 2015.
Intext citation: (Lundman)

Tweet:

@tombrokaw. "SC demonstrated why all the debates are the engines of this campaign." Twitter, 22 Jan. 2012, 3:06 a.m.,twitter.com/tombrokaw/status/160996868971704320.
Intext citation: (@tombrowkaw)

Youtube Video:

McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.” YouTube, uploaded by Big Think, 3 July 2012, www.youtube.com/watchv=mkdzy9bWW3E.
Intext citation: (McGonigal)

 

Examples from: OWL Purdue

BrainPop Resources

Why make citations?

Skill sequence - For Teachers

Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8
From CCSS From CCSS From CCSS
Provide basic bibliographic information for sources Follow a standard format for citations Follow a standard format for citations

Identify

-title

-author

-date

-format (book, website, podcast, etc.)

-page number if necessary

(Students may prefer to list by hand)

Follow MLA style

(Students may prefer to use NoodleTools or EasyBib)

Follow MLA style

(Students may prefer to use NoodleTools or EasyBib)