The Greek heritage. The ancient Greeks laid the foundations of Western civilization. Modern democracies owe a debt to Greek beliefs in government by the people, trial by jury, and equality under the law. The ancient Greeks pioneered in many fields that rely on systematic thought, including biology, geometry, history, philosophy, and physics. They introduced such important literary forms as epic and lyric poetry, history, tragedy, and comedy. In their pursuit of order and proportion, the Greeks created an ideal of beauty that strongly influenced Western art.
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Source: Krentz, Peter. "Greece, Ancient." World Book Student, World Book, 2018, www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar234900. Accessed 12 Jan. 2018.
In-text citation: (Krentz)
Image attribution: Pythagoreans Celebrate the Sunrise (1869) by Fyodor Bronnikov, (1827—1902) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
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