1. Read broadly to build background knowledge about your SUBJECT (video search, general web search, encyclopedias, IB textbooks).
2. Formulate a FOCUSED research question.
3. Gather information that addresses your research question (survey, interview, journal articles, etc.)
4. Write your essay.
ALWAYS be able to answer these questions about your topic:
What is your paper about?
What is your thesis? Your argument? Your point?
So what? Why is it important?
Now what? Given the research you've done, what action should happen?