1. Read broadly to build background knowledge about your SUBJECT (video search, general web search, encyclopedias, IB textbooks).
2. Formulate a FOCUSED research question.
3. Gather information that addresses your research question (survey, interview, journal articles, etc.)
4. Write your essay.
ALWAYS be able to answer these questions about your topic:
What is your paper about?
What is your thesis? Your argument? Your point?
So what? Why is it important?
Now what? Given the research you've done, what action should happen?
Browse through these resources to go from a general topic of interests down to a specific area of focus.