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From the Encyclopedia Britannica
A formal debate is an encounter between speakers or teams of speakers as an exercise in argumentation, or forensics. Since 1960, when U.S. presidential candidates John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon met in a series of televised debates, debates have become commonplace in political campaigns, even for local offices. But these are not really debates in the formal sense. Only on occasion do the candidates respond to each other’s remarks, and such response is a key element of true debating.
In a formal debate, as practiced by high school and college debating clubs, each team presents arguments to support its side of a proposition and to refute the opposing side. The speakers must follow set procedures. The teams compete against each other, with judges deciding which team has presented its arguments more effectively.
"Debate." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 11 Aug. 2018. school.eb.com/levels/high/article/debate/273940. Accessed 30 Oct. 2018.
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Points of View This link opens in a new window Points of View Reference Center contains many topics, each with an overview (objective background/description), point (argument) and counterpoint (opposing argument).
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Check Your Facts
Here are 10 great sites to help you check facts and identify bias. Descriptions of these sites are Jennifer Snelling at ITSE
While not a fact-checking site, AllSides curates stories from right, center and left-leaning media so that readers can easily compare how bias influences reporting on each topic.
This nonpartisan, nonprofit project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania monitors the factual accuracy of what is said by U.S. political players, including politicians, TV ads, debates, interviews and news releases.
Know Your Meme
Know Your Meme is a website dedicated to documenting Internet phenomena: viral videos, image macros, catchphrases, web celebs and more.
This nonprofit and self-described liberal-leaning research center monitors and corrects conservative misinformation in the media.
A project of the conservative Media Research Center, NewsBusters is focused on “documenting, exposing and neutralizing liberal media bias.”
This nonpartisan, independent and nonprofit website run by the Center for Responsive Politics tracks how much and where candidates get their money.
This Pulitzer Prize winning website rates the accuracy of claims by elected officials. Run by editors and reporters from the independent newspaper Tampa Bay Times, Politicfact features the Truth-O-Meter that rates statements as “True,” “Mostly True,” “Half True,” “False,” and “Pants on Fire.”
This independent, nonprofit newsroom has won several Pulitzer Prizes, including the 2016 Prize for Explanatory Reporting. ProPublica produces investigative journalism in the public interest.
This independent, nonpartisan website run by professional researcher and writer David Mikkelson researches urban legends and other rumors. It is often the first to set the facts straight on wild fake news claims.
The Sunlight Foundation
This nonpartisan, nonprofit organization uses public policy data-based journalism to make politics more transparent and accountable.
Washington Post Fact Checker.
Although the Washington Post has a left-center bias, its checks are excellent and sourced. The bias shows up because they fact check conservative claims more than liberal ones.
In the library
Call Number: 303.3 GRA
Publication Date: 2012-03-01
Discusses how personal identity is shaped by culture, focusing on gender, race, social class, and adult socialization processes and outcomes.
Equality and Diversity by
Call Number: 305 OGD
Publication Date: 2017-01-01
"This book discusses why the acceptance of diversity is important in society to prevent discrimination based on race, religion, and sex. Includes case studies of real-world events."--Amazon.
Gender Equality and Identity Rights by
Call Number: 305.3 LEO
Publication Date: 2016-01-01
Explores the issues surrounding gender equality and identity rights around the world.
Critical World Issues by
Call Number: 305.8 MCD
Publication Date: 2016-01-01
Explores the fundamental questions surrounding discrimination.
Call Number: 305.8 RAC
Publication Date: 2006-12-11
A collection of fourteen controversial essays that debate issues of racism in America addressing topics such as Affirmative Action, racial profiling, and school segregation.
Think Speak Win by
Call Number: 808.53 KEE
Publication Date: 2014-06-20
"Distills the complexities of debate into simple, memorable, easy-to follow components"--Back cover.