Growth of specialization. During the 1800's and through the mid-1900's, specialization in knowledge increased. Many colleges were created to train students in such fields as agriculture, medicine, engineering, and business. Specialization also resulted in an increased emphasis on advanced study. As a result, graduate schools were established at many larger schools. In turn, professional and research interests came to dominate all other educational interests. Education for professions overshadowed the liberal arts.
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Source: Shannon, Daniel W. "Universities and colleges." World Book Student, World Book, 2017, www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar577060. Accessed 26 Nov. 2017.