The industrialization of agriculture. In the late 1700’s and early 1800’s, technology advanced rapidly in Britain (now also known as the United Kingdom). This period, called the Industrial Revolution, radically changed European and American society. It also led to the emergence of industrialized agriculture, which transformed farming across the world.
A number of new developments led to agriculture's dramatic increase in productivity. They include: (1) the invention of powered machines; (2) the development of electric power; (3) the study of agricultural genetics; (4) the use of artificial fertilizer; and (5) the development of chemical pesticides.
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Source: Rhoades, Robert E. "Agriculture." World Book Student, World Book, 2017, www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar007880. Accessed 26 Nov. 2017.